The first deliverable of the project "Alpine cultural heritage and natural hazards: where are we?" is a framework analysis aimed at clarifying the state of the art and capitalizing on existing knowledge in defining the concept of Alpine cultural heritage, in relation to its environment and the natural dangers to which it is exposed in the Alps. The goal is to have an update at the forefront of these issues, which should serve as an initial action for subsequent project activities.
The first part of the document provides an overview of the different types of natural disasters that occur in the Alpine territory of each of the six Countries participating in the project (Austria, Italy, France, Slovenia, Switzerland, Germany) in order to have an idea of the entity of these events.
The second section reports the results of a review to learn about past and ongoing projects, relevant strategies and initiatives, studies, policies and showcase interventions on cultural heritage in the Alps.
To limit the scope of the investigation, the review relates to aspects, such as:
• tangible cultural heritage, either mobile or immobile,
• the assets within the Alpine area,
• the asset actually/potentially subjected to one of natural hazards,
• aspects of:
- assessing the likelihood of natural hazards,
- assessing the vulnerability of cultural heritage,
- mitigating the effects of natural hazards,
- rescue and evacuation,
- safe storage of cultural heritage.
For each project/study/initiative a table highlights indication on:
• types of cultural heritage covered,
• issues addressed,
• outcomes achieved.
This is useful information to identify potential gaps in addressing the problems of natural hazards relevant for cultural heritage such as:
• types of natural hazards, which might be very relevant but are not addressed sufficiently,
• spatial levels where natural hazards issues are being assessed,
• what were the means of projects – correlation among means and results,
• differences among countries – funding gaps,
• possible lack of showcases.
A part is dedicated to legislation, which illustrates a system of legal acts and regulations concerning both cultural heritage and natural hazards for each Country.
Finally, the document ends with a summary of the recommendations, which are based on the results of this study and which must be taken into account by policy makers who are planning systems to safeguard cultural heritage and developing regulatory acts aimed at providing sufficient protection of cultural heritage from natural hazards.