The aim of the WP 5 is the development of low carbon policies for the Alpine Region focused on a sustainable use of biomass to mitigate Biomass Burning impact on climate change and air quality. Together with users, chambers of crafts, NGOs and government representatives we will search for policy solutions for cleaner BB, model different possible regulative scenarios and summarize the pros and cons of the considered scenarios at the workshops and round-tables. The purpose of this document is to identify experts belonging to both private and public sectors from various regions and countries and invite them to take part in project`s online challenges. Interested citizens will also be hosted by the platform to share ideas.
D.T5.1.2 - Draft of the policy framework
The policy framework on the use of biomass is set by the 2009 Renewable Energy Directive, establishing a mandatory 20% share of renewable energy sources in the EU final energy mix by 2020. The Directive, which lists biomass as a renewable energy source, aims inter alia to achieve greater mobilisation of existing timber reserves. It mandates Member States to draft national renewable energy action plans and sets conversion efficiency thresholds above which Member States may promote bioenergy technologies. The aim of this comprehensive policy framework is to cluster and structure the approaches.
“How can we promote the exchange of experts to discuss policies and cleaner technologies and a sustainable use of chimneys, oven and other private household wood based heating systems?” This question is asked by policy makers throughout the entire Alpine Region. There exists no transnational virtual option to exchange across countries on the efficiency of regulations and financial support instruments and new technologies in the context of clean biomass burning. Therefore we have defined three topics and set up virtual discussion rooms (VDR). These discussion rooms were set up based on our open innovation platform www.innonatives.com combined with the collaboration tool www.miro.com. The idea is that these technology and platform can be used in the future to exchange and discuss on policy development and new technologies. In the framework of the project Innonatives.com is used in two work packages in the context of this BB-Clean project, WP2 and WP5. Here we report the results of the first VDR based crowdsourcing expert exchange.
The purpose of this list is to collect potentially effective policy solutions. EU policies aiming to decrease the emissions from residential heating are the new eco-design scheme for solid fuel boilers (Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/1189) and local space heaters (Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/1185). Other legislative acts such as the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (Directive 2010/31/EU), the Energy Efficiency Directive (Directive 2012/27/EU) or the Energy Labelling Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2017/1369) contribute to reducing the emission of atmospheric pollutants by decreasing primary and final energy consumption.
On the basis of a selection of policy solutions emerged in D.T5.1.4 and translated into the modelling scenarios listed in D.T5.2.1 (List of regulative, technological, economic and informative scenarios of policies for the modelling simulations), the present deliverable aims at highlighting the results of all simulations on different case studies. In particular, the results here presented will concern the environmental benefits (mainly in terms of PM emissions and concentrations reduction) due to the implementation of the different selected policies with respect to the state of the art over the three following territorial domains in the Alpine Region: Storo domain, Province of Trento (IT); Vezza d’Oglio domain, Province of Brescia (IT); Saint Marcel domain, Aosta Valley (IT).